Basic Boatbuilding Terminology (Tally Ho EP77)

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    Rebuilding a historic sailing yacht - Basic Boatbuilding Terminology / Knee Patterns (EP77)
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    EPISODE 77.
    In this episode we take a look at the names of the basic parts of a wooden boat. Hopefully this will help people who haven’t had much experience with traditionally built vessels to better understand what we are doing on Tally Ho!
    After that I start working on the hanging and lodging knee patterns, creating a jig to taper stacks of plywood for the laminated arms. Pat’s wife Bonny helps us out with some grinding whilst Pat casts more floors at Port Townsend Foundry. Clark fits the floors into the boat and Pete continues fairing the frames for planking, only stopping occasionally to tell me exactly what he is doing…

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    77. Basic Boatbuilding Terminology (TALLY HO EP77)

    Pubblicato il 5 mesi fa


    1. Luiz Schechter

      Boat Terminology: 1:05 Bow, Stern, Forward, Aft, Port, Starboard 1:28 Centre Line, Fore & Aft, Athwartships, Amidships 1:55 Beam 2:06 Port Bow, Starboard Bow, Port Quarter, Starboard Quarter 2:21 Draught Actual Parts of the Boat: 2:27 Backbone and its parts 2:57 Stem, Cutwater 3:07 Forefoot 3:12 Stem Knee, Deadwoods 2:39 Keel Timber, Ballast Keel 4:00 Stern Post, Stern Knee, After Deadwoods 4:14 Mast Step 4:28 (more parts of the backbone) 4:41 Frames, Planking, Rabbet 5:14 Floors, (Ceiling Planks), Bilge Stringers 5:41 Bilge, Sole Boards, (Ballast) 6:06 Deck Beams, Beam Shelves (Clamp) 6:26 Hanging Knees, Lodging Knees 7:00 Counter Stern, Transom Stern, Canoe Stern 7:43 Deck Planks, King Plank, Covering Boards 8:05 Bulwark Stanchions, Bulwark Planks, Cap Rail 8:36 Companionway Hatch, Deck House, Butterfly Hatch, Cockpit, Forward Companionway, Tiller, Wheel 22:49 Bird House 24:17 Turn of the Bilge and the Tuck

      1. Static Music

        Bird House: most important

      2. Raphaël Havranek

        Bonjour Lutz, Many thanks for this lexicon ! Amicalement, Raphaël

      3. Tim Hills

        And everyone knows all steps are ladders. Thanks Leo and team for an absorbing & addictive series.

      4. moonboogie N8

        @Brian Shriver "it's just what they are" - Pete, 2020

      5. Luiz Schechter

        @Brian Shriver Nothing to be sorry about. Besides, your's was a great addition! Thank you.

    2. cowetaok

      Thumbs up on the terminology

    3. storkstork

      it is too late now anyways. But would it be possible to take the old knees and coat them with something smooth for the casting forms? If they are missing a little bit of material from rust, that maybe compensates the swelling from the casting? edit: i saw the next videos and realize, that they would not fit properly...

    4. Mickthemaverick

      I am in the process of catching up having been told about the project 9 days ago. I have watched every episode enthralled and am working out my best way of supporting going forward. However for the benefit of others who start from the beginning to catch up, I think it would be really helpful to take the first 10 minutes of this episode and use it as a preview to the episode describing the transport from Oregon. Brilliant stuff!!

    5. BadCat

      That's a lotta work for a Pirate Parrot Mansion ! ;-)

    6. Lorrie D Mussett

      Leo you can chose any topic YOU want to talk about...and by the way If your skipping any moment your just not fully invested in this journey ! Seriously, why would you skip.....any of this!?? Ever!

    7. bart deVos

      Leo's dodgy boat building terminology lesson!! nice

    8. Croatoan

      Absolutely loved this info! Thank you!

    9. John

      Thank god, finally someone can help me understand what the heck is going on in Patrick O'Brian novels when the horses fall on the after taffrail or whatever.

    10. Jacob Osgood

      While, I know I'm a few months late; but I'm really enjoying seeing apprentice/journeyman level woodworking from Mr. Chainsaw and Skil-saw. It's even better that all that work is going into a piece that won't actually be IN the boat. All kidding aside, beautiful work Leo and crew!

    11. Jim Maher

      What about the hog??

    12. Urban Weekend Warrior

      rabbit? MURRICA, F%&$ YEAH! Here's a rebate coupon to take back to your woodshop, one tissue per issue, some limitations apply (it's just a joke. dont get your centimeters in a knot)

    13. n33077

      Great info . The Mrs. found it useful. I noticed you’re using imperial measurements. Did Albert use use imperial or Metric in his original plans?

    14. Bob C

      What’s the purpose of using the acetylene torch after the pour?

    15. Bob C

      Wood, metal, hand & power tools, machines, plans, craftsmanship, and boats are just a few of my favorite things 👍🏻

    16. C O

      Leo and his hair are separate entities. Hair: Leo, go make a wood boat. Leo: Your wish is my command. Happy trails to Dan. Gone to the Father's Mansions for sure.

    17. nunzio palma

      I'd never skip a minute of Leo's explanations of anything. I think this is the most fascinating channel on youtube because you can see a boat growing step by step.I am sure nothing similar has never been done before .I'm looking forward to see Tally Ho at sea.Tanks Leo

    18. SueandPaul Stickley

      Hi Leo. I really enjoyed the walk-around tour of boat parts. However, it's the lofting and the extraordinary calculations you were doing to calculate the varying angles on the frame can you possibly do that? I think I might be one of several thousand who would really appreciate a detailed explanation of how that final answer is reached... I'm recommending this channel to all my friends, which I hope others are doing as well, so watch that number next to the date....

    19. clockguy2

      As the story goes: A ship captain kept a key on a line around his neck, and every morning the first mate watched him open a small box with the key, read a small slip of paper, and lock the scrap back in the box. Year after year, the captain followed the same routine, never speaking of the box. When the old captain finally died, the mate grabbed the key from the captains neck, ran to the box, opened it, and read the note. It read: "Starboard is right, port is left."

    20. Reality Check

      Impressive job, well done!! But are you actually "rebuilding" that boat? Everything is new. I mean, if I take an old axe, and I replace the complete head, and then replace the handle as well...did I fix the old axe? Or did I just build a completely different, new axe. The old head is still just laying here, next to its handle. If I placed its handle back, now I suddenly have 2 axes!!

    21. Jose Martinez

      You should be catching all that bronze you’re sanding away, that stuff’s expensive af, recycling it shouldn’t be a problem for the foundry.

    22. IcyMidnight

      Terminology 👍

    23. Andy Aim

      Love the way the lil lady pulled out the Metalwork Teacher badge 👍 never judge a book....

    24. Michael Dudley Welch

      I use the knowledge I gain here to build better birdhouses.

    25. Samuel Willis

      How close to the originals are your new bronze pieces? I ask to see if you are really close on the Original Shape of the Boat....

    26. TheAcousticWarfare

      I am so in love with this channel!

    27. Graham Parr

      POSH, port out, starboard home.

    28. Jauhari Ismail

      If u need some helping for design of boat, don't hesitate to contact me on


      as usual a master piece video . i am in awe of your talent .. but you spelled the word center wrong .. if you tried to pronounce the word centre you would end up having a English accent

    30. ninjamonkey2251

      I love a boat with a shapely bottom.

    31. ninjamonkey2251

      Is there such thing as too thorough?

    32. Jack Smarr

      Thank you for going over the terminology. I kind of knew most of them, but your explanation cleared up alot of my confusion.

    33. Drew Hunt

      Leo is looking s bit like the wolfman these days.

    34. Thomas Davison

      You are great teacher Leo. I have never built a boat or anything that floats, but I do have a lot of woodworking experience and find your series of videos fantastic. The love of woodworking really shows in ship building. Thanks for the education in the terms.

    35. Si74l0rd

      A very interesting glossary. Many thanks for this, and all the other videos in the series. Seeing a hand built early twentieth century gaff being put back together better than ever is not something you see every day! You, and your merry crew have a lot of skills.

    36. Erik Comtois

      love to see more boat terminology. You did that before (text captions) and love see more.

    37. SueandPaul Stickley

      Hi Leo. I loved the layman's guide to boat terminology; one or two interesting words there I had never heard in about 65 years of sailing and boating. I am slightly surprised you didn't mention the gunwale, and the fanciful origin of the word, and things like the gunwale capping and the scuppers, the latter of which is heard in a well-known sea shanty. I am looking forward to the second round of technical terms...keep up the good work of educating us all, and being such a leader in raising the bar or all woodworkers worldwide.

    38. Graham Hobbs

      Triggers broom if you ask me lol

    39. William Turner

      I feel like I'm in class. Definitely have to watch this episode again.

    40. Matt G

      Loved the first part. Keep up the good work

    41. Tom Oakhill

      This is absolutely brilliant. It was quick but easy to understand. Your index is an example of doing the job of teaching in the best way possible. Thank you.

    42. Eric's Channel

      Yes I loved the vocabulary lesson...

    43. Joe Asmus

      Great video! Love the explanations. Thanks

    44. Marlo Breding

      I love watching the show me reminds me of when I help my buddy rebuild his 1959 Yokohama 29 foot sailboat. We didn't go nearly as far as you did basically we stripped and recaulk the entire hull and got a good antifouling finished on it. We rebuilt the entire deck surface and covered it in teak. We stripped and revarnished all the topside wood, polished all the brass and added a new set of sails. BTW, if you were building a hot rod, in that world the modifications you have made you are called a restomod. Can't wait to see her floating.

    45. Rod Sipe

      Can we have a copy of the diagrams you used in EP77?

    46. Bavarian Repairian

      uhhhh...... wheres the poop deck?

    47. Calvin Taylor

      cute little bums you're drawing on those knees

    48. waheed mughal

      i am expert in this work

    49. Richard Bohling Sr

      Bronze floors are coming along great. I really like taking the time to polish them.

    50. Condition 0

      i knew most of these, but my experience is in rig supply boats, so the sailing ship terms vs commercial is interesting

    51. woodbutcher505

      I surely enjoy your videos rebuilding this sailing vessel. I don't often comment on videos mainly because of lack of words.. But what I can truly say from watching you, is that you are a Master, a perfectionist at what you do.

    52. Erikgasm

      Got nervous Pete wasn’t gonna be in this one!

    53. benjamin tangen

      Loved the explanations

    54. Harpo Marx

      I get a kick outa "bedhead" Leo ...

    55. Michel Mousseau

      very interesting , good work guy's


      Never be shy about your facility with language. It's wonderful to hear you describe the things that obviously fascinate and inspire you.

    57. Larry Sorenson

      Leo: I just got an article from Wooden Boat Magazine about rebuilding the Mayflower II. It has a pretty good technical article on cordage and modern materials that preserve the look and characteristics while lasting much longer than Mystic Three Cord. It might be of interest to you. Best regards. Larry

    58. Michael Colgan

      What do you think about sending them out for a heavy galvanizing ? I have build a few docks by the ocean never seen a problem

    59. Uriah Semon

      Love this video series, super inspiring, what is that sweet cello jam playing at 20:00

    60. Marcus Gerhold

      Do you have to template each side for the knees? or can you use 1 template for a pair as they aren't handed?

    61. Erin boat guy

      I believe I have a Dan McGuire ship in a bottle

    62. G H

      Isn't it like 113 years old now?

      1. on4xb

        1910 to 2020 = 110 years old

    63. Tim Salter

      Everyone's work is great. So what's Pete's day job? I vaguely remember Leo mentioning it in the past.

    64. Michael Kennan

      When I was in elementary school - age 8 - the teacher told us that terms like 'port' and 'starboard' were relics from northern-European sea exploration: since they were in the north, they were exploring in the south, so each time they reached a new port it was on their left. Even at age 8 this sounded a bit hand-wavey... what about when they were returning home? I asked; the teacher said I had an attitude problem and needed to shut up. Like 80%of what I learned in school, the teacher's explanation had little to do with reality. Prior to the invention of a central rudder, from ancient Egyptian carvings in stone through the Bayeaux Taperstry's depiction of the Norman invasion in thread, ships were depicted being steered with an over-sized oar on the right side. (Historians assume it was on the right because people tend to be right-handed or have a stronger right arm. This sounds a bit hand-wavery to me, but I am left-handed.) Northern Europeans called this over-sized oar the 'steorboard': the 'steering board'. When pulling into port, they naturally situated the ship with that side *away* from the dock - otherwise the steorboard would get trapped between the dock and the ship. So the left side was called 'port', and the right side (in later English) 'starboard', long after the steorboard itself had been replaced by central rudders. Thanks for nothing, Ms Munson.

    65. Bryon Ensminger

      Yes I for one am very interested in this type of information their are a large number of gear heads and carpenters that watch and these types of videos are very interesting to us even on the sailing channels I much prefer the ones when they are refitting and doing there everyday maintenance striped projects to the ones were there sale in around I mean how many times can you watch him go to the same island they all go to the same places but the maintenance stuff is always different and interesting

    66. Nope

      At first I was like, I don't want to watch a bunch of names, but dang if I didn't watch it twice. Quite enjoyed that education.

    67. david williams

      Notes on drawings were very informative for a layman like myself. Thanks Leo.

    68. Willy Williams

      Poncho was waving at the camera. It was nice explaining all the parts of the ship. I knew some but learned a lot. Thanks for sharing Leo!

    69. Norman Boyes


    70. David Wright

      Yes please. By all means, the more technical descriptions of Boat parts, the better....

    71. gary simms

      Those floors are gorgeous!

    72. Randy McNew

      The boat is looking so beautiful and I know that you are doing a great job to restore it. The original billers of Talley Oh would be very honored by what you are doing for the boat and them.

    73. John Nelson

      elaborate birdhouse is funny

    74. John Nelson

      Those floors are a thing of beauty!

    75. Walt McVey

      How did you get away with no draft on the floor & knee patterns.

      1. Frederick Stibbert

        There's always at least a bit of bevel to the frames, so the floor-sides have built-in draft. For other surfaces, the template can be propped up in the mold at a slight angle.

    76. George Canakis

      I have been watching this channel since the first episode and I just can't get enough of it its so enjoyable. Leo is first class in everything he does and i cant wait to see him sail tally ho in the future. I can picture him holding the giant tiller with a huge smile. Cheers everyone the world needs more people like Leo and all the volunteers that are helping out.

    77. Josiah Brubacher

      I love the technical explanations! Please keep them coming.

    78. Rinoa's Auspicious Travails

      i'm partial to Larboard instead of Port myself.

      1. Bill Dyke

        Unfortunately larboard and starboard were easily confused. With hilarious consequences...

      2. Reality Check

        I hate port too. I prefer Sherry. But mostly Rum.

    79. SpicyOrange

      Somehow I can't watch this in Denmark. Thank u VPN.

    80. avon neave

      Hope all is well Leo.

    81. Jonathan Craik

      Maintenance and upgrade haha

    82. Joshua Diment

      Yes mate, more views than subs. Doing the job right. Rolex boat building. Keep up the good work

    83. Dan Gonzales

      Fiberglass boat graveyards.

    84. Frankie Rapp

      Hi Leo,I'm gonna be in your area this coming week and I'd love to stop and see ya ,I've been following your project and you've done an amazing job.would like to know where your located! Which town..

    85. Ridwan Iwan

      I just imagined how long and complicated to build a tally ho......hope I can watch the whole series of the videos.

    86. Rodney Jensen

      So, why can’t the old lodging and hanging knees be used for the casting molds, even if you need to laminate some skins to bulk than out a bit,? Done deal, I know, but after almost two weeks, still wondering, losing sleep, can’t taske it any longer...

    87. liberty CAN


    88. Tom P

      The amount of prototyping, pattern making and mock ups of the various parts just blows my mind. Can you hazard a guess as to the total number of man hours that will go into the restoration of Tally Ho? I guess north of 50 thousand.

    89. Kristian Taylor

      Is everything ok? Missing a video hope you are ok

    90. philip Brailey

      Can’t wait for episode 78.

    91. Ian Derauf

      Pete makes me hit the like button every time!

    92. Felix

      man Leo, your work, your colleagues and friends, your community, it is pure pleasure. greetings from germany all around to you guys! I hope to see you sometimes somewhere!

    93. Stephen Thomason

      Look, we know you mean well, and although most of us really admire you obvious mastery in boat building...but what the bloody el have you done with Checa?

    94. Peace Keeper

      From an German point of view, your English ( was it always British? ) explanations of boat terms is a great help in discussions during sailing and staying in foreign ports :D

    95. mark rainford

      Pete " I'm going to tell you what i'm doin' " Leo "Not interested "

    96. Colin Underdown

      Leo, I've just been re watching your earlier videos and as a retired carpenter/ joiner who worked with oak, mahogany, teak and iroko. I always had an oil pad on the bench. Mine was an old baccy tin stuffed with old fashioned underlay, then soaked with oil, this helps when using hand planes. Do you have something similar ?

    97. Christopher Klapheke

      Leo, The new knees appear to be the same size as the originals. I'm sure you know that same size bronze will not be as strong as cast iron. Just bringing this up as I did not hear you mention that you had taken that into account. Love your videos. God bless.

    98. Kristian Taylor

      What day do videos normally come out?

      1. on4xb

        every two weeks on saturday

    99. David Bradley

      What are you doing with your scrap mahogany?

    100. Timothy Atwell

      Absolutely great information. I would love to actually learn how to build a boat.